Accessibility Statement

We are committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience. To do so, we are actively working with consultants to update the website by increasing its accessibility and usability by persons who use assistive technologies such as automated tools, keyboard-only navigation, and screen readers.

We are working to have the website conform to the relevant standards of the Section 508 Web Accessibility Standards developed by the United States Access Board, as well as the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1. These standards and guidelines explain how to make web content more accessible for people with disabilities. We believe that conformance with these standards and guidelines will help make the website more user friendly for all people.

Our efforts are ongoing. While we strive to have the website adhere to these guidelines and standards, it is not always possible to do so in all areas of the website. If, at any time, you have specific questions or concerns about the accessibility of any particular webpage, please contact so that we may be of assistance.

Thank you. We hope you enjoy using our website.

Skip to Main Content

Injury Prevention and First Aid Tips

Many emergency room visits are preventable. Here are some first aid tips to help keep you and your loved ones safe from common injuries:

Bites & Stings

Nov 18, 2019

Bites and Stings:

  • Control bleeding.
  • Wash with soap and water.
  • Call physician.

Animal bites:

  • Control bleeding.
  • Wash with soap and water.
  • Call physician.
  • Notify animal control.

Insect bites and stings:

  • Remove stinger by scraping with dull-edged item (e.g. a credit card).
  • Wash with soap and water.
  • Apply ice, a cold pack or a cold, wet washcloth for several minutes.
  • To relieve itching, apply a paste of baking soda and water, meat tenderizer or a dab of household ammonia.
  • For pain, take acetaminophen, or take an over-the-counter antihistamine if your doctor approves.
  • Pain and swelling should be relieved within 72 hours.
  • Seek immediate medical attention for stings in the nose or mouth. Swelling may block airways.
  • Seek immediate medical help if an allergic reaction develops. Symptoms include: massive swelling, hives or rash, difficulty breathing, tightness in the throat or chest, dizziness, fainting, nausea or vomiting.

Snake bites:

  • Call ambulance.
  • Do not apply ice.

Safety Tips

The best protection is to avoid bites and stings. These safety tips can help:

  • Wear insect repellent containing diethyltoluamide (DEET) when you go outside. For children, only use products that contain less than 10 percent DEET. Consult your pediatrician before using these products on a small child.
  • Wearing long pants tucked into socks and a long-sleeved shirt help protect you against mosquitoes and ticks.
  • Light colored clothing makes ticks easier to spot and also makes you less attractive to bees.
  • Check frequently for ticks when you are outdoors or in the woods. Deer ticks are very small—the size of the head of a pin. Dog ticks are larger.
  • Make sure there is no standing water in your yard, such as water in buckets and stagnant ponds or birdbaths. Mosquitoes like to lay their eggs in standing water.
  • Be careful at picnics. Sweet foods and drinks attract bees and wasps. Keep food and trashcans covered.
  • Don’t wear sweet-smelling perfume.
  • Wear shoes outside in the grass; especially when mowing the lawn.
  • Stay away from beehives and wasp nests.
  • Don’t try to swat bees or wasps with your hands. Stand still until they fly away.
  • Be careful near woodpiles, sheds, dark corners of the garage and other places where spiders tend to live.

If bitten or stung:

  • If bitten by a mosquito, try not to scratch. Scratching irritates the bite and may cause infection.
  • Contact the doctor if you have flu-like symptoms and suspect West Nile virus.
  • Remove ticks with tweezers as soon as they are found. Grab them as close to the skin as possible and pull the tick up and out.
  • See a doctor if symptoms of Lyme disease or Rocky Mountain spotted fever appear. Symptoms of Lyme disease include fever, aches and fatigue. There may also be a “bull’s-eye” rash around the site of the bite. Symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever include fever, aches, nausea and vomiting.
  • If stung by a honeybee, do not pull the stinger out. Honeybee stingers have a small hook at the end. They will eventually fall out on their own.
  • If stung by a wasp or hornet, leave the area immediately. These insects can sting repeatedly. Gently scrape the stinger off using the edge of a credit card or your fingernail. You might squeeze more venom into the skin if you use tweezers.
  • Bee, wasp and hornet stings may feel hot and itch. A red bump or swelling may appear where the sting was. Treat bee and wasp stings by washing the area with soap and water, then applying cold water or ice.
  • If there appears to be an allergic reaction to a sting—hives, nausea, fever or trouble breathing—go to the emergency room.
  • If bitten by a black widow or brown recluse spider, go to the emergency room.