Injury Prevention and First Aid Tips

Many emergency room visits are preventable. Here are some first aid tips to help keep you and your loved ones safe from common injuries:

Burns and Fire Safety

Nov 18, 2019


Small/minor burns:

  1. Apply cool, running water.
  2. Cover burn with towel soaked in cold water until pain stops.

Large/severe burns:

  1. Call ambulance. .
  2. Do not apply cold water to burn over large area.
  3. Never place ice on a burn. It may cause more tissue damage.
  4. Cover burn with clean, dry sheet.
  5. Do not break blisters.

Fire Safety

Fire is one of the most common home disasters and the third leading cause of accidental injury death at home. Fires spread very quickly, but smoke and poisonous gases, not the flames, kill most fire victims.

Fire Safety and Prevention

  • Install smoke alarms on each floor of your house—including the basement and outside each separate sleeping area.
  • Test your smoke alarms once a month.
  • Develop an escape plan to use in the event of a fire. Practice it with your family at least twice a year.
  • Teach your children not to hide from fire and smoke.
  • Teach your children how to “Stop, Drop and Roll” if their clothing catches fire.
  • Know two routes out of each room.
  • Make sure windows work and are not painted shut. Know how to remove window safety guards.
  • If you have to use escape ladders to exit through windows, practice using them.
  • Designate a place for your family members to meet outside after a fire.
  • Keep all-purpose fire extinguishers anywhere in your home that a fire might start, such as in the kitchen, garage, near the furnace and fireplace. Know how to use them.
  • Be careful with flammables, such as matches and candles. Keep them out of the reach of children.
  • Keep cooking areas clear of combustibles. Do not leave cooking food unattended.
  • Make sure the electrical wiring in your house is safe. Do not overload outlets or run wiring under rugs.
  • Give space heaters lots of room—at least three feet all around.
  • Careless smoking is the leading cause of fire in the home. Do not leave lit cigarettes/cigars unattended and never smoke in bed.
  • What to do if there is a fire:
  • Escape the building as quickly and as safely as possible.
  • Feel a closed door to make sure it is not hot before opening it. If a door is hot or smoke is coming into the room from underneath the door, the fire may be right outside. Escape the room another way.
  • If you can escape by the door, close it behind you.
  • Leave personal belongings behind. Do not stop to gather valuables or memorabilia.
  • Stay low to the floor and breathe through a cloth, if necessary, to avoid inhaling smoke.
  • If your clothing catches fire, “Stop, Drop and Roll” to smother the flames.
  • If you live in an apartment, escape by the stairs. Do not use the elevator. Take your house keys with you in case you cannot escape and have to return to your apartment.
  • If you cannot escape your room, put wet towels or fabric at the bottom of the door to keep smoke out. Open the window and yell for help. Wave a sheet to attract attention. At night, wave a flashlight.
  • After you escape, call “911” or the fire department from a neighbor’s house.
  • Tell firefighters about any pets you may have left behind.
  • Never reenter a burning building once you have escaped.
  • Meet your family members outside at a prearranged location, such as a street lamp or neighbor’s house.