Arthroscopy is a minimally-invasive diagnostic and treatment procedure used for conditions of a joint. Originally, arthroscopy was a diagnostic tool only, used primarily for planning a standard open surgery. However, because of the development of new instruments and advanced surgical techniques, many conditions can also be treated with arthroscopic surgery.
The following are the conditions most frequently discovered during an arthroscopic procedure:
Arthroscopic surgeries involve the following:
a general, local, or spinal anesthetic is administered
a small incision is made in the patient's skin
the arthroscope is inserted through the incision
other incisions may be made to introduce other small grasping, probing, or cutting tools
light is transmitted via fiber optics at the end of the arthroscope
information about the interior of the joint is transmitted to a screen
corrective surgery, if necessary, may be performed during the initial diagnostic procedure
dressings or bandages may be applied to the post-operative area
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