A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture occurs, it is classified as either open or closed:
open fracture - the bone exits and is visible through the skin, or where a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin
closed fracture - the bone is broken, but the skin is intact
Fractures occur when there is more force applied to the bone than the bone can absorb. Bones are weakest when they are twisted. Breaks in bones can occur from falls, trauma, or as a result of a direct blow or kick to the body.
Diagnostic procedures may include the following:
The following are the most common symptoms of a fracture:
- pain in the injured area
- swelling in the injured area
- obvious deformity in the injured area
- difficulty using or moving the injured area in a normal manner
- warmth, bruising, or redness in the injured area
Treatment may include:
- medication (to control pain)
Surgery may be required to put certain types of broken bones back into place. Occasionally, internal fixation (metal rods or pins located inside the bone) or external fixation devices (metal rods or pins located outside of the body) are used to hold the bone fragments in place to allow alignment and healing.
Physical Therapy is a critical part of complete recovery. Our doctors recommend DMC's Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan, with 30 convenient locations across southeastern Michigan. To find one near you, click here.