Total calcium, ionized calcium
A calcium blood test measures how much calcium is in your blood. Your health care provider can use this test to help diagnose and watch many conditions. There are two types of calcium blood tests. One is total calcium and the other is ionized calcium. Ionized calcium measures the "free" calcium in your blood. This is the calcium not bound to other parts of the blood.
Your health care provider may order a calcium blood test to help diagnose a variety of disorders. These include kidney disease, pancreatitis, and disease of the parathyroid gland. Calcium levels may also be abnormal in many types of cancer. Your provider might also order this test as part of a routine health check.
A normal calcium level in the blood is a good sign that your body is likely working as it should. Calcium levels that are too low (hypocalcemia) or too high (hypercalcemia) can mean of a number of problems.
People with abnormal calcium levels may not have any symptoms. Very low calcium levels can cause seizures, irregular heartbeat, muscle spasms, or tingling in the hands or feet. People with high calcium levels may have nausea, vomiting, severe thirst, or constipation. Your health care provider will use the results of a blood calcium test to figure out how to treat the underlying cause of any health problems you may have.
Calcium can be tested for a number of reasons. Other tests will vary based on what your health care provider is looking for.
Your provider may also order tests of kidney function, vitamin D, phosphorus levels, and parathyroid hormone. These tests can help figure out what is causing your abnormal calcium levels.
Many things may affect your lab test results. These include the method each lab uses to do the test. Some laboratories may have slightly different normal values than the ones below. Even if your test results are different from the normal value, you may not have a problem. To learn what the results mean for you, talk with your health care provider.
A normal range of total blood calcium in adults is usually between 8.5 and 10.3 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL). Ionized calcium generally should be higher than 4.6 mg/dL to be a normal level.
The test requires a blood sample, which is drawn through a needle from a vein in your arm.
Taking a blood sample with a needle carries risks that include bleeding, infection, bruising, or feeling dizzy. When the needle pricks your arm, you may feel a slight stinging sensation or pain. Afterward, the site may be slightly sore.
A number of things can affect the results of a calcium blood test. This test is typically done at the same time as other blood tests to get a better picture of your overall health. Certain medicines can change blood calcium levels and affect the test results.
You don't need to prepare for this test. Be sure your health care provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don't need a prescription and any illicit drugs you may use.